Authors: Parekh A, Mantle B, Banks J, Swarts JD, Badylak SF, Dohar JE, Hebda PA.
Title: Repair of the tympanic membrane with urinary bladder matrix.
Summary: OBJECTIVES: To test urinary bladder matrix (UBM) as a potential treatment for tympanic membrane (TM) healing and regeneration.
STUDY DESIGN: This prospective pilot study was designed to provide both qualitative and semiquantitative assessment of temporal and spatial healing events in the chinchilla model of chronic TM perforations with and without UBM patching.
METHODS: Bilateral myringotomies were performed and repeated as necessary to create subtotal perforations over an 8-week period. Myringoplasty was then performed, with left TMs serving as controls and right TMs receiving UBM patches. TMs were excised at 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 12 weeks. Fixed tissue samples were characterized for gross morphology, then processed for microscopic evaluation.
RESULTS: Chronic perforations were maintained with one or more repeated myringotomies. Although both control and patched TMs were thicker than native tissue, patched TMs were transparent and uniform in thickness without any inclusions. UBM patches were readily degraded and replaced by newly deposited and organized host tissue that recapitulated the native TM layers.
CONCLUSIONS: UBM scaffolds were an effective biological scaffold for TM closure and tissue remodeling, leading to thicker than normal anatomy but otherwise normal morphology. Future studies are required to determine functional and temporal outcomes as well as alternative patch orientations. The results show particular promise as a superior alternative means of reconstructing not only chronic TM perforations but also dimeric TMs associated with retraction pockets and atelectasis.
Source: Laryngoscope. 2009 Apr 8;119(6):1206-1213.